When the aortic valve becomes severely narrowed (aortic valve stenosis), the valve does not open fully. This can result in reduced blood flow out of the heart, weaken the heart, and produce symptoms such as fatigue or shortness of breath. Aortic valve stenosis can be treated by either conventional open-heart surgery or transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). TAVR is a safe and minimally invasive way to replace the aortic valve (both native and prosthetic valves) without undergoing conventional open-heart surgery or stopping the heart. This can often be done with small punctures at the groins. With TAVR, a collapsed valve is delivered to the heart from either the groin or shoulder region via a flexible tube called a catheter. Most patients are walking on the same day of the procedure and can be discharged the following day. Prior to undergoing the procedure, you will be evaluated by a multidisciplinary team to ensure that this is the best treatment for you.
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